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Clay Finishing question from Uruguay

October 8, 2018

Spanish: Hola! tenemos una casa de barro en uruguay y nos gustaria saber mas sobre como tratan el barro y como dar un buen acabado! muchas gracias
— Carolina from Uraguay

English translation: “Hello! We have a mud house in Uruguay and we would like to know more about how they treat clay and how to give a good finish!”
—  Carolina from Uruguay

Dear Carolina:

Finishing clay or stucco can be considered easy or difficult depending on how much work you decide to put into it. It is always much easier to get someone else to do the work, such as a paid professional.  🙂

The outside of our tire bale house is stucco– a mix of concrete and sand and some chemicals to seal each layer of stucco.  We put the stucco on in 6 different layers. The product is from Sto Corporation (https://www.stocorp.com/  ) from Germany).   Applying stucco is like painting with peanut butter (mantequilla de maní).
The stucco is troweled on using standard concrete trowels. If you like textured walls, you can leave trowel marks.  (We like textured walls versus smooth walls.)
Each different layer has come kind of protectiveness to it and interestingly, each layer is a different color.    (To see the layers in Sto’s products and to understand their products before using them, visit https://www.stocorp.com/stucco-systems-us/  ).

The clay on the walls inside of our home was much easier since the clay is not the consistency of peanut butter.  Instead, it is like wet sand at the beach. However, we had to trowel the clay onto the walls one layer at a time.  Each layer could not be thicker than that of a credit card or less than 9.5250 mm thick.  Only 2 layers were suggested for our application. We also finished the clay with a product that helps to keep it from shedding. I think that product was a masonry primer.  A good stucco person would know the best product to use to keep the clay from shedding.  We used special small trowels for the clay application.
Smoothing for the clay walls inside was done with water in spray bottles and thick sponges. Spraying on the water and wiping the sponge in the horizontal direction. As the clay dries, you can always come back and smooth some more as long as the clay is wet. Since the clay has lime in it, chemical gloves are a must to wear when mixing or applying clay.

An interesting possibility when using clay is to make use of stencils in areas where you would like to be a bit artistic.  The layers of clay will have to be much thicker here to accommodate the stencils.

Since Uruguay can be a wet environment sometimes (Colorado U.S.A. is very dry), I suggest seeking the advice of an experienced stucco person there. They may have a much better opinion of the best products for your environment.

I hope some of this information helps your project.
Best wishes!

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2018 Update

September 11, 2018

Some have wondered if we are still alive & kicking in our mountain home. YES!
All is good here in the Rocky Mountains. The house is still performing beautifully as planned. We are in process of installing a 2nd solar array & hope to have some more data to post in a few months on how well we are conserving energy, making energy, & living in/using our lovely thermal mass tire bale home. The plan is also to post some new pics.
Our other website http://hagartirebales.com has recently been redesigned for simplicity & faster load time (less pics).
Stay tuned for more data……..

Changing faces…..outside

August 27, 2013

This summer our project has been to change out the grey gravel on our courtyard to flagstone. The reason we decided to do this is amusing: Our dogs “fly” out the front door and gravel gets caught between their toes thus as they fly, they toss gravel into the windows and glass front door. We did not want to have the added stress of replacing windows or front door, so we went with flagstone. We will monitor the temperatures over this next winter to see if there is a drop in overall radiant temperature due to this change. The grey gravel extended our passive solar heating capabilities a bit, which makes the house warmer in the winter (which is ideal). The flagstone will (like the gravel) extend our thermal mass somewhat.

Hagar tire bale home, new flagstone front entry 2013

Hagar tire bale home, new flagstone front entry 2013

Presenting at IEEE Green Technologies Conference, April 4-5, 2013 in Denver

February 25, 2013

We will be presenting data from our paper “An Examination of Multiple MicroGeneration Technologies used within an Experimental Home”, based on the data that you have seen posted here on our blog, at IEEE Green Technologies Conference, April 4-5 in Denver, Colorado.

If you would like more information on this conference, the keynote speakers, or to take a look at some of the other papers that will be presented, here is a link  IEEE Green Technologies Conference.

2012 Energy Use and Production Compared to Other Homes

December 12, 2012

So I promised in January (!) that I’d supply more data on our energy use and production. I hope that no one has been holding their breath!
Here is a sample of our energy production Jan-Oct 2012 using our single 6 panel (230 Watts each) PV array.  Yes, 2011-2012 was considered a very mild winter with little or no moisture or snow but LOTS of SUN!

Hagar Tire Bale Home Energy Produced Jan-Oct 2012

Hagar Tire Bale Home Energy Produced Jan-Oct 2012

And, here is a snapshot of indoor/outdoor temperature comparisons (in Fahrenheit) for Jan-Feb 2012.  (Click on the image to enlarge it.)

Temperature Comparison Jan-Feb 2012 for Hagar Tire Bale Home

Temperature Comparison Jan-Feb 2012 for Hagar Tire Bale Home

As you can see, the graph illustrates how steady the temperatures inside our home can be (and quite comfortable too). (Click on the image to enlarge it.)  We began our days bundled up in sweats and were often found wearing t-shirts and shorts by noon each day.  As the sun set near 4 pm, we were back in our sweats.

Here is a snapshot of 3 different types of homes and their electric usage in kWh. Interesting comparison.  (Click on the image to enlarge it.)

3 different homes and their electric use in kWh for 2012

3 different homes and their electric use in kWh for 2012

What other data do you feel would be meaningful to illustrate the energy possibilities or efficiencies of our home?

Oh humidity

February 25, 2012

Recently, I shared an exchange with someone who built a tire bale extension to his straw bale home. Here is a link to his home picture history. http://www.flickr.com/photos/whatisupwiththestanleys/
Tire bale homes HOLD HUMIDITY. So if you’re planning to build in a geographic location that is known for humidity, there are some things you should consider changing.
For instance, we have no HVAC–heating air conditioning system–to physically MOVE air which can help remove humidity. Yet, our home exchanges 37% of the air at least 3 times a day–more in summer when the windows are open more.
Second, our windows are NOT slanted on the south. Our windows are floor to ceiling straight up and down but, even our windows condense when temperatures drop down to 5-degrees F or below. I keep microfiber clothes in them to help keep the water away from the window seals. I chose Weathershield windows since they seemed to be the best built and guaranteed for the longest. Also, these windows are made in the U.S.
Last, we chose NOT to put an indoor planter (which in some of these houses is used to treat grey water). We do have 6 full sized trees and a number of other plants in small portable (roll around) planters. Plants put a lot of humidity in the air, which is good for our skin and noses.
So, consider these things as you approach your building project. And, seek advice from others who have built these structures before you finalize your designs.

Two More Tire Bale Homes Under Construction in Colorado

October 20, 2011

Hello world! I’ve been notified of 2 more tire bale homes under construction in Colorado and wanted to share the info with anyone interested in building a home of this type.
First, I would like to let everyone know that our home is toasty warm once again this fall/winter, and was delightfully cool this past summer. Given that our solar system was working hard for us, our electric bill was never more than $20 (actual kwH) and we had none of all that noise and pollution from an HVAC system. We entertained many guests this summer, one of whom has one of the homes under construction.
Notice that each home is different? That’s the beauty of these kinds of homes.
Without further ramblings from me, check out these homes.

Here is the first house Mikey designed and it is mostly complete http://www.tirebalehouse.com/index.html
Here is a recent home completed that Mikey designed and, they recently received their Certificate of Occupancy (CO letter)!. http://web.me.com/thisisthat/Site/Photos.html#grid
And, here is one of Mikey’s latest designs http://www.flickr.com/photos/theentiremikey/
OK, this is the last one that I know of….to date. http://nestledwithin.wordpress.com/

Here is a flikr stream of our progression http://www.flickr.com/photos/26217766@N05/

I hope that you found Michael Shealy (Mikey), Touch the Earth Construction (mikey@touchtheearthranch.com) http://www.touchtheearthranch.com/tirebales.htm